Your child is learning that fractions are equal parts of a whole or of a
set. He or she is also learning to name fractions in different ways and to
By practicing naming fractions, your child is learning to recognize
fractions as part-to-whole relationships. One way to name fractions in
different ways is to find an equivalent fraction. Here are two activities
that you and your child can do together.
Fun with Fractions
The next time you and your child are outside, look for groups of
people or objects of 12 or less. Ask your child to name some fractions
about the group. Sample questions: What fraction of the parked cars
are white? What fractions of the people are not wearing hats?
Materials Pieces of paper, a pencil or marker
Step 1 Fold one piece of paper in half. Then fold it in half again.
Open up the paper so that the fold lines divide the paper into
4 equal parts. Shade a number of squares and ask your child to
name the fraction of the paper that is shaded.
(For example: one fourth)
Step 2 Refold the paper as before, and then fold it in half a third
time. Open the paper and ask your child to name the fraction of
the paper that is shaded now. (Two eighths)
Step 3 Ask your child to name the fraction of the paper that is
NOT shaded. (Six eighths) Have your child name a fraction equal
to the fraction she or he just named. (Three fourths)